EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition)


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To all those involved in the European Gendarmerie and to the Carabinieri Corps goes my gratitude for their contribution to promoting such a vision. Over recent years there have been very positive developments in the European Union, but we have also experienced some shortfalls.

Cooperation in defence matters is, however, in my opinion the area that has progressed most significantly, giving a strong contribution to European security and defense policy and setting a constructive example of cohesion among partners. I think that we can all acknowledge that, thanks to our combined efforts, a great deal has been accomplished, in a very short time. A constant factor characterizes peace missions abroad. At the initial stage it is up to the force of the military to bring the armed groups to reason.

However, once the control of the territory is achieved, problems of public order and criminality emerge. Managing these two different phases requires different types of interventions. We know only too well that terrorism and organized crime reach beyond national borders and that crisis areas may offer a haven to those who menace the very foundations of our free societies. When the Commission has reason to believe there may be problems with implementation, such as evidence of illegal hunting or trapping, it investigates the effectiveness of the measures taken by the Member States to combat these practices.

Given the persistence of illegal killing or trapping of birds in some Member States, the Commission has decided to address the issue in collaboration with stakeholders. The Commission does not at present envisage a revision of the annexes of the Birds Directive. The results are expected in Is the Commission doing anything in terms of working with national government agencies, Microsoft and affected businesses to provide guidance to mitigate any negative economic consequences as Microsoft cease support for their Windows XP operating system, that is still in use within many large public and private sector bodies?

The key issue stemming from the absence of support for Windows XP is security. Microsoft did however recently decide to reduce the price of the CSAs in order to make those more widely available. Moreover, this type of issue is quite common to all operating systems, software and hardware platforms, albeit in a smaller degree: What strategy does the Commission have to assist Member State governments in tackling the casual use of steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs, and raising awareness of the associated dangers?

The final reports confirmed the trend identified by the Honourable Member. What measures is the Commission taking at European level to continue to improve food safety checks and consumer confidence in relation to 1 EU produce and 2 produce from outside EU borders entering our market? The Commission has recently taken a number of initiatives aimed at strengthening the existing system of official controls and the fight against fraudulent practices along the food chain.

A dedicated IT tool is being established so as to enable the members of the network to rapidly exchange information and data on potential fraud cases. Specialised training to food inspectors, police and customs officers on new investigation or control techniques to detect food fraud is being designed and offered under the Better Training for Safer Food programme. The proposal, which is currently under consideration by the co-legislator, aims to provide national enforcers with a more efficient legal framework and stronger enforcement tools to deliver on their control duties. It requires the performance of regular unannounced controls directed at identifying intentional violations of food law and that the financial penalties applied for those violations offset the economic advantage sought by the perpetrators.

The proposal also aims to strengthen the mechanisms through which national enforcers assist and cooperate with each other to fight violations of the rules which have a cross-border impact and the coordination role of the Commission in cases of widespread or recurrent violations. It comes at a time when, it seems to me, there is renewed enthusiasm and excitement about exploring the unknown and learning more about the universe around us. What better way to inspire them to take that path — as with generations previous — than the achievements and experiences of our own astronauts?

What programmes does the Commission have in place to ensure that our children and students have access to those EU citizens who have been astronauts or worked in high-level space programmes, so as to educate and inspire them to reach for the stars? Space exploration and in particular human spaceflight is not only a powerful driver for innovation and technological progress but also a source of inspiration for citizens. The Commission is involved in space exploration activities through its framework programme for research and innovation.

In particular in Horizon , activities focusing on projects linked with astronauts on-board the International Space Station ISS will be funded. The Commission, in its outreach activities on space affairs, is also supporting space exploration and collaborating with European astronauts. It has also produced a video on space exploration accessible on YouTube http: This includes a pedagogical web game for the younger generations. Provide a complete breakdown of funding allocated through this programme to each Member State?

In accordance with the shared management principle, Member States bear the responsibility for monitoring programmes, for carrying out on-going evaluations and for taking corrective measures when problems arise. The Commission may also carry out on-going evaluations on its own initiative and in partnership with the Member States. However, in line with the above principles, it will only conduct such evaluations where necessary and where they are more effective than evaluations undertaken by the Member States e.


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Since this is a cross-border cooperation programme which benefits the entire cross-border programme area there is no subdivision of funds between the participating countries. Thought to have been caused by a mixture of dust from the Sahara, emissions from continental Europe, light south-easterly winds and domestic pollution, smog in London and other parts of the UK has recently hit the headlines. The directive allows Member States to deduct the exceedances attributable to natural sources e.

In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity embedded in the directive, it is for the Member States to decide on the measures to be taken on their territory. The Commission evaluates the levels of air quality based on the annual air quality reports submitted by the Member States no later than nine months after the end of each year.

PM 10 , NO 2 , including in densely populated areas. Therefore, the proposed Clean Air Quality Package contains proposals for reinforced action that should enable further emission reductions and improvements of air quality by and beyond. If implemented, the proposed actions should result in considerable benefits for the health of EU citizens and the environment.

As Guardian of the Treaty, the Commission also enforces EU air quality legislation and several infringements procedures are being pursued. They trigger the Member States into adopting or reviewing their air quality plans with the objective to ensure that the limit values are being met. With regards to the ESF, these evaluations focus on the following:. Supporting the integration of disadvantaged groups into the labour market and society, and. These ex-post evaluations aim to examine the extent to which resources were used, the effectiveness, efficiency and socioeconomic impact of the ESF.

They also intend to draw conclusions for the policy on economic and social cohesion in the new programming period The results are expected in the first half of The former evaluations of the ESF can be found under this link: As the programmes for the new programming period are still being prepared, no such figures are yet available for the period. The Commission's independent evaluation of the Cohesion Fund in was completed in and is published at the following website: The evaluation concluded that the projects funded contributed significantly to the improvement of the trans-European transport network and to helping countries comply with EU environmental directives.

In the Cohesion Fund was programmed together with the European Regional Development Fund in cohesion policy programmes. The Commission has launched the ex post evaluation of these programmes and the results will be available by the end of Reducing the costs that EU rules impose on businesses is a critical element of boosting competitiveness and growth. Transparency regarding these costs ensures that businesses and citizens are properly informed about the decisions that affect them.

What preparations is the Commission putting in place to ensure the publication of such reports? The Commission is committed to meeting EU policy goals in a cost-effective way, avoiding all unnecessary regulatory burdens. REFIT is a rolling programme with an annual screening of the legislative stock and annual reporting. The Commission makes quantitative estimates of impacts when this is possible, given data availability, and proportionate. However, simply adding up the cost and benefit figures in each impact assessment would not give a full or accurate picture.

Often the Commission's proposal is changed during the legislative procedure, following which Member States make implementation choices. Therefore the costs and benefits of the final legislation can differ from the estimates in the Commission's impact assessments. The veterinary drug diclofenac is widely known to have led to a decline in vulture populations in India, Pakistan and Nepal. The drug was used to treat farm animals and often remained in the carcasses of dead animals, which were fed on by vultures. Since the drug was banned in India, vulture populations have begun to recover.

Diclofenac has now been authorised for use in domestic animals in Italy and Spain. Vulture-friendly alternatives to diclofenac exist and are now being used in India. Given that there is strong evidence that the use of diclofenac in farm animals will threaten already endangered species, is the Commission considering a Europe-wide ban on the use of the drug as a veterinary medicine? What action is the Commission taking to ensure that Member States are meeting their obligations under the Birds Directive and EU legislation on veterinary drugs? Which bodies it is in contact with in Bulgaria that would be called on to take part in that research?

How it will ensure that beekeepers in the Member States are informed of the possibility for their countries to take part in monitoring the loss of honeybee colonies? This is justified by the Commission willingness to establish an incentive for Member States participation in this study, while leaving them also part of the financial responsibility to ensure the overall best possible use of public money. The Commission has not yet taken any decision on the follow up actions that could be undertaken in the future, in the light of the final results of the study.

Thus it cannot provide information on which authorities in Bulgaria could be involved and how stakeholders would be informed about possible similar initiatives in the future. Ratifying this instrument would ensure that the fundamental human rights that have already been universally recognised by the Member States were officially extended to cover migrants. No tangible progress appears to have been made towards establishing genuine peace between Israel and Palestine.

In her view, why has it not been possible for the two countries to reach an agreement? Still, negotiations remain the best way forward. The extensive efforts deployed in recent months must not go to waste. Both PM Netanyahu and President Abbas should engage in good faith and make the difficult compromises and decisions needed to seize this unique opportunity for peace.

The EU now calls on all sides to exercise maximum restraint and to avoid any unilateral action which may further undermine the deadlock. At the same time, it continues to monitor the situation and its broader implications and will act accordingly. Il sito di Colleferro si distingue per la produzione di moduli airbag e inflator. Considerate le ricadute negative che si produrrebbero con tali licenziamenti e con il relativo ridimensionamento aziendale sul tessuto economico e sociale della zona interessata, si chiede alla Commissione di far sapere:.

I relativi recapiti si possono trovare sul sito del FEG. Key Safety Systems Srl, a vehicle component supplier, is making more than a third of the workforce redundant at its Colleferro factory, in the province of Rome; the workers concerned are considered — in structural terms — to be surplus to company requirements. The Colleferro factory makes airbag and inflator units.

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The company has said that it has taken this decision because it is having to face increasingly keen competition from foreign countries, which, because of the lower production costs, has led to a fall in its market share. These redundancies will have adverse effects, and the economic and social fabric of the region concerned will be correspondingly scaled down. Will the Commission intervene — and, if so, by what means — in order to safeguard employment levels at the Colleferro factory? The Commission is not aware of the details of the current restructuring within the Celleferro factory of Key Safety Systems, Srl nor does it have powers to interfere in the company's decisions or in the social dialogue procedures internal to the company.

Provided that the workers' redundancies can be linked to trade related globalisation or to the global financial and economic crisis, Italy has the possibility to apply for support from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund EGF. The Honourable Member may wish to communicate with the EGF Contact Persons for Italy, should she wish to know whether an application is being planned in support of workers being made redundant by Micron.

Sentencia del Tribunal de Justicia Europeo sobre datos personales. The issues raised by the Court are very complex and require a careful assessment of their impacts. Such an assessment will be carried out in consultation with all relevant constituencies, and in a manner to take on board all legitimate interests involved. On that basis, the Commission will be able to investigate in the coming months whether there is a need for a new legislative proposal. Furthermore, the judgment of course underlines the need for the swift adoption of the proposed Data Protection reform and in particular of the draft Directive which applies to the law enforcement sector.

Ruime interpretatie van gegevensbescherming. De Nederlandse regering overweegt een wetsvoorstel aan te nemen waardoor het recht om de gegevens van nummerplaten van motorvoertuigen automatisch te bewaren, wordt uitgebreid. Met dit voorstel kan de Nederlandse regering de nummerplaat van alle voertuigen registeren en gedurende vier weken opslagen. Het doel van het voorstel is de vergaarde gegevens te kunnen gebruiken voor de opsporing en vervolging van misdadigers.

Tot nog toe werden alleen de nummerplaten van specifieke verdachten geregistreerd en onderzocht. Heeft de Nederlandse regering de Commissie geraadpleegd in verband met de mogelijke aanname van dit voorstel? Indien het antwoord op vraag 4 negatief is, wat is de Commissie van plan te doen om te voorkomen dat het voorstel wordt aangenomen door de Nederlandse regering? Het voorstel geeft geen uitvoering aan de uitvoering van het recht van de Unie.

In een dergelijk geval is het aan de lidstaat om te beoordelen of het voorstel in overeenstemming is met het Europees Verdrag voor de rechten van de mens. The Netherlands Government is considering adopting a proposed law extending the right to automatically record motor vehicle number plates. Under this proposal, it will be possible for the Netherlands Government to record all vehicle number plates and to retain the data for a period of four weeks.

The purpose of the proposal is to enable the data collected to be used in the detection and prosecution of criminals. Up until now, only the number plates of specified suspects were recorded and investigated. Is the Commission aware of the proposal to be adopted by the Netherlands Government? Has the Netherlands Cabinet consulted the Commission in connection with the possible adoption of this proposal? If so, can the Commission provide an overview of the dates on which the Netherlands Government consulted the Commission regarding the compliance of this proposal with European law, and the content and outcome of the consultations?

Does the Commission think that the four-week period for mass data retention, as proposed by the Netherlands Government, fulfils the conditions of lawful data retention as formulated in the CJEU judgment? If the answer to question four is negative, what does the Commission intend to do to prevent the proposal being adopted by the Netherlands Government? The proposal does not constitute implementation of Union law. In such a case it is up to the Member State to assess whether the proposal is in line with the European Convention on Human Rights.

De Europese Unie steunt ten volle de beginselen van de overeenkomst en is zeer ontvankelijk voor de bekommernissen van ontwikkelingslanden. The European Union fully supports the principles of the Convention and is very receptive to the concerns of developing countries. In ihrer Mitteilung vom 2.

Die Transparenzinitiative betrifft alle reglementierten Berufe. Andere Berufe werden in einer zweiten Phase beurteilt.

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This work will allow the Commission, together with the Member States, to ascertain whether formal qualifications and occupations correspond to the same skills and qualifications in all Member States. Considering that certain professions have more cross-border activities or a higher potential for mobility, does the Commission consider it opportune to first limit the scope of the transparency mechanism to these professional groups?

According to the Commission, what procedures should be established by Member States in order to involve professional bodies, especially those representing health professionals, when preparing specific justifications which have to be given to the Commission following the data collection? Certain professions which will be subject to evaluation under the Professional Qualifications Directive have already been examined in the context of the peer review conducted under the Services Directive.

How will the Commission avoid unnecessary duplication and ensure that the proposed timeframe will be sustainable for these professions? What concrete figures or examples does the Commission have to prove that regulating access to professions has a significant growth-inhibiting effect? In a first phase, professions will be assessed in sectors where modernisation of the regulatory framework could contribute in a particularly significant way to employment and growth. Other professions will follow in a second phase.

The work plan for carrying out the mutual evaluation has been agreed by Member States. The first phase will start shortly. The phase 2 sectors will be discussed in The organisation of consultation procedures at national level remains within the competence of the Member States. Nonetheless, the Commission considers that it would be beneficial to involve relevant stakeholders at national level.

The two evaluation processes are complementary. As regards the impact on mobility and growth in the context of regulated professions, the Commission is commissioning independent studies on this issue. The European executive body asks them to explain known mitigation methods to farmers and food business operators.

Why were no details given? Could the Commission undertake research and gather data on cadmium content? If this has already been done, what conclusions has the European authority reached? Especially in food of plant origin, cadmium levels can be influenced by applying a wide range of mitigation measures. These measures are cited in the recitals of the recommendation: However, as an immediate reduction is not possible for a number of major contributors to dietary exposure, the recommendation was adopted to raise consciousness in concerned stakeholders. According to this study, conducted in 17 European Union Member States, bee mortality in Europe presents significant regional variation.

The countries of northern Europe are more affected by bee mortality than those in the south, around the Mediterranean. In the north, the mortality rates of colonies are In the south, they are 3. This study was conducted on the basis of data gathering and harmonised sampling methods. It covered over 31, colonies in 17 EU Member States. The data were collected from autumn to summer , as the European Commission press release explained. As regards preliminary conclusions, the Commission considers that this initiative filled an important gap in the gathering of representative, reliable and comparable data at EU level to estimate the extent of colony mortalities, taking into account that previous studies were not carried out following a harmonised methodology.

It also assisted significantly the veterinary services in the Member States in improving their capacity to undertake such surveillance. This methodology has proven to be robust and can be implemented and used further as necessary, adapted to specific needs as appropriate for further work such as applied research, policy development, routine surveillance or to cross-check with data from other sources. In particular, the Commission will examine whether the planned aid will enable the business to become viable without continued public support and whether its owners are making a sufficient contribution to the restructuring costs.

It does not prejudge the final outcome. In recent years, Cimos has experienced significant financial difficulties primarily related to liquidity issues associated with a very high level of bank debt that the business was unable to service. It is currently negotiating a debt restructuring agreement with its creditor banks. According to the Slovenian authorities, the aid will restore the long-term viability of the business by improving its liquidity and help to implement operational restructuring measures designed to reduce costs and increase productivity.

Did the restructuring plan comply with the EU guidelines on rescue and restructuring aid? Are the owners of the business making a sufficient contribution to the restructuring costs? Are the predictions concerning the long-term viability of the business genuinely realistic? Based on a preliminary examination, the Commission has doubts whether the restructuring plan of Cimos complies with the rescue and restructuring guidelines.

The doubts expressed relate inter alia to the issues raised by the Honourable Member. The Commission will investigate these issues in-depth and will communicate its final position in the decision to close the formal investigation procedure. At this stage of the investigation it is too early to provide definitive answers to these questions. Bulgarian Members of Parliament have adopted the amendments to the national energy law on first reading. As such, the Russian project seems likely to circumvent the requirements of the third package of European Union measures on energy by virtue of the fact that Gazprom cannot manage the pipeline entirely independently, fix the prices or transport exclusively Russian gas.

According to experts, the aforementioned liberalisation will further hamper the Gazprom project. Are the amendments to the Bulgarian energy law not contrary to the regulations in force in the European Union? The amendments to the Bulgarian Energy Act were adopted by the Bulgarian Parliament in a first reading and as such they are not yet in force. The Commission services' preliminary view is that the proposed amendments incorrectly and unilaterally exclude off-shore pipelines — which are under EU jurisdiction for any part on EU territory but this is geographically limited — from key elements of the Third Package rules.

Contacts both on political and expert level have been taken up between Bulgaria and the Commission in order to resolve the matter. Why then in March, at his last appearance before the European Parliament prior to elections, did the Commissioner not include the Google case in the issues covered during his mandate?

As a result, the Commission has recently met with the complainants and is in the process of sending to each complainant a detailed provisional assessment, setting forth the reasons why it is of this preliminary view. Complainants will then have the opportunity to inform the Commission of their views on the provisional assessment. La Commission compte-t-elle rectifier le tir? According to the minutes of a meeting held after the provisional decision had been announced, the Commissioners wondered if there was not some scope to persuade Google to make further concessions.

In total, nine voiced doubts about the provisional agreement. There is no consensus on the issue even in the directorate-general with responsibility for anti-trust measures. Given that the agreement concluded with Google clearly pleases nobody but Google itself, does the Commission intend to renegotiate it?

This preliminary conclusion has been reached based on the in-depth investigation that has been carried out. The College of Commissioners has been kept fully informed throughout the investigation. They will receive a non-confidential version of Google's third commitments proposal and will have the opportunity to inform the Commission of their views. The Court of Justice in Luxembourg considers that the provisions of this directive do not offer sufficient guarantees to effectively protect personal freedoms and it outlines the conditions that the directive lacks in order to comply with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

However, these conditions are not met by a number of national anti-terrorism laws and laws relating to the prevention of organised crime. Will the Commission elect to rewrite or to amend the directive, and what is the envisaged timetable for doing so? This assessment will be carried out in consultation with all relevant constituencies, and in a manner to take on board all legitimate interests involved. Does the Commission share our opinion that this decision will have a knock-on effect on the Safe Harbour agreement? What stance is the Commission taking and what are its arguments for and against this decision?

Discussions are on-going and the Commission will assess the Safe Harbour arrangement on the basis of the outcome of these discussions. The issues raised by the Court require a thorough assessment of their impacts. The Commission will carry out this assessment in consultation with all relevant constituencies, and in a manner that will address and take on board all legitimate interests and concerns involved. The Commission notes that the EU-US TFTP Agreement itself is limited in purpose and scope, sets out clear and strict rules for the access to and processing of personal data and provides effective safeguards.

The issues raised by the Court require a thorough assessment of their possible impacts.


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  • The Commission will carry out such an assessment in consultation with all relevant constituencies, and in a manner that will address and take on board all legitimate interests and concerns involved. Politica dell'immigrazione in Bulgaria. Il 1 o aprile l'Alto commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i rifugiati UNHCR ha ribadito la richiesta, avanzata nel mese di gennaio , relativa alla sospensione di tutti i trasferimenti in Bulgaria di richiedenti asilo.

    L'Alto commissariato ha puntato il dito contro le deplorevoli condizioni in cui versano le strutture di accoglienza e, in generale, contro il trattamento riservato ai rifugiati. In occasione di un soggiorno in Bulgaria nel mese di marzo Amnesty International ha constatato che, nonostante i progressi, le condizioni di vita in alcuni centri di accoglienza rimanevano inadeguate. Nel corso dell'ultimo trimestre del migliaia di uomini, donne e bambini, in prevalenza di origine siriana, sono entrate in Bulgaria attraversando la frontiera con la Turchia.

    Amnesty International ritiene tuttavia che tale progresso sia in parte imputabile al forte calo del numero di richiedenti in seguito alla chiusura delle frontiere. Ha la Commissione adottato provvedimenti che consentano alla Bulgaria di migliorare le sue terribili condizioni di accoglienza e di porre rimedio alle carenze della procedura di asilo? La Commissione, insieme all'Ufficio europeo di sostegno per l'asilo EASO , ha seguito e segue tuttora con attenzione la situazione a livello locale.

    In una recente relazione sulla Bulgaria, l'Alto commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i rifugiati ha riconosciuto che questo sostegno aveva migliorato in misura significativa la situazione. During a visit to Bulgaria in March, Amnesty International stated that despite the progress made to a certain extent, living conditions in certain reception centres remain inadequate.

    Thousands of men, women and children have entered Bulgaria, largely from Syria, via the Turkish border in the last three months of Bulgarian authorities maintain that throughout these months the State Agency for Refugees has increased its capacities and can now process asylum requests and registrations more quickly. However, Amnesty International thinks that this progress is partly due to the fact that the number of applicants has greatly decreased since the borders were closed. Has the Commission taken any steps to ensure Bulgaria is able to improve the horrendous reception conditions and address the deficiencies in its asylum procedure?

    The Commission has also raised with Bulgaria a number of specific concerns regarding its asylum procedure. Together with the Bulgarian authorities it has identified the measures that could be taken in order to improve the situation of asylum-seekers and refugees. This funding has been used mainly to increase and improve reception and accommodation capacity for asylum-seekers e. In a recent report on the situation in Bulgaria, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees acknowledged that this support has had a significant impact on the improvement of the situation.

    The Commission remains committed to supporting Bulgaria or any other Member State whose asylum system might be under pressure, if necessary. In addition, EASO has signed an Operational Plan with Bulgaria, allowing for the deployment of experts seconded by other Member States to support the Bulgarian authorities on the ground. In che modo l'Unione europea potrebbe fornire il suo pieno sostegno alla Nigeria per porre fine a questi atti di violenza contro i civili?

    Le ripetute violenze nella Nigeria nord-orientale destano effettivamente grande preoccupazione. Tale approccio deve comprendere riforme socioeconomiche, la creazione di posti di lavoro e l'erogazione di servizi, il buon governo e lo Stato di diritto. Il 10 o FES sostiene interventi a livello di democratizzazione, Stato di diritto, risorse idriche, impianti igienico-sanitari e salute materna.

    Lo strumento europeo per la democrazia e i diritti umani finanzia azioni a tutela dei diritti umani, in particolare con le ONG. The NGO believes that more than 1 people, the majority of whom were civilians, have been killed since the start of in the resurgence of violence in the north-east of the country — the epicentre of the crisis. The north-east of Nigeria has been suffering from insurrections by the Islamist group Boko Haram since , but has seen an unprecedented level of violence since the start of this year.

    Through its acts of violence, the army has alienated the population, with numerous people refusing to condemn members of Boko Haram and some people even joining its ranks. How could the European Union provide its full and genuine support to Nigeria in order to bring an end to these acts of violence that target civilians? The EU is working with the Nigerian authorities to help bring an end to the cycle of violence.

    It does so through many actions including continuous political dialogue and targeted aid interventions focusing on the underlying root causes of violence. In our dialogue under the EU-Nigeria Joint Way Forward referred to by the Honourable Member of Parliament, we emphasise the need for Nigeria to address the current security challenges with a comprehensive approach to avoid and prevent alienation.

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    Such a comprehensive approach should include socioeconomic reforms, job creation and provision of services, good governance and the rule of law. The Instrument for Stability is supporting several peace and mediation programmes and projects contributing to security and the reform of the criminal justice system.

    Dopo la fine del conflitto con le Tigri di liberazione del Tamil Eelam LTTE , nel maggio il governo del presidente Mahinda Rajapakse ha continuato la repressione contro i suoi detrattori. L'arresto e la detenzione arbitraria di noti difensori dei diritti dell'uomo avrebbero come obiettivo di ridurre al silenzio i detrattori e di distogliere l'attenzione dal mancato rispetto dei diritti dell'uomo. Nonostante due precedenti risoluzioni del Consiglio per i diritti dell'uomo, nel e nel , lo Sri Lanka non ha preso alcuna disposizione concreta per rendere giustizia alle vittime della guerra civile, ma ha lanciato una campagna aggressiva contro quanti reclamano che i responsabili rendano conto dei loro atti.

    L'UE continua ad essere preoccupata per la situazione dei diritti umani nello Sri Lanka. Abbiamo invitato il governo dello Sri Lanka a collaborare strettamente con l'Ufficio dell'Alto commissario per i diritti umani per attuare la risoluzione. While their hasty release after two days' detention is a positive step, other peaceful militants have been arrested in recent months in an attempt to stamp out dissidence.

    The arrest and arbitrary detention of eminent human rights campaigners seems to be designed to silence detractors and divert attention from human rights violations. Human rights campaigners, militants, journalists and members of civil society who criticise the government are regularly threatened and harassed. Those who have an international profile are particular targets. According to reports, harassment of human rights defenders has shown worsening trends in the recent months, especially in the North of the country.

    Si deve tuttavia costatare che il Messico ha in seguito ignorato numerose questioni, fallendo quindi nella prevenzione della crisi dei diritti umani, attualmente sempre presente. Suscita inoltre grande preoccupazione il fatto che la settimana scorsa il Senato ha esaminato una proposta di riforma che potrebbe escludere le violazioni dei diritti umani commesse da militari contro civili dall'elenco dei reati che i tribunali militari sono autorizzati a giudicare.

    Anche se il Messico si muove nella giusta direzione, sono ancora necessari numerosi sforzi.

    Come potrebbe intervenire l'Unione europea per obbligare il Messico a rispettare i suoi impegni internazionali? L'UE e il Messico condividono infatti l'impegno di tutelare i diritti umani a livello sia bilaterale sia multilaterale. Sustainable and effective measures are certainly required to combat the forced disappearances, acts of torture and arbitrary detentions, all of which are well-established practices, and the increasingly regular attacks against journalists, migrants, and men and women who are defending human rights.

    However, Amnesty International fears that the Mexican authorities are once again failing to adhere to the commitments they made to the international community. Indeed, in , the last time that Mexico appeared before this body, it declared that it would implement most of the recommendations. Yet, it must be said that it has overlooked numerous issues since, thus failing to prevent the human rights crisis that we are still witnessing today. For example, the recommendations on the abolition of arraigo , a form of detention that violates a number of human rights, namely torture and forced confessions, have been rejected.

    Another major cause for concern is the fact that last week the Senate examined a proposed reform that would exclude human rights violations committed by members of the military against civilians from the list of offences that military tribunals are authorised to rule on. Although Mexico is moving in the right direction, there is still a lot of effort to be made. How could the European Union take action to compel Mexico to stick to its international commitments? It is vital for Mexico to go further in its approach to human rights violations.

    Finally, a High-Level Dialogue on Security and Justice, envisaged later in , will provide a forum for discussion. In marzo alcuni responsabili del Transnistria hanno chiesto ai parlamentari russi di preparare una legge che consenta alla Russia di annettere la regione.

    Quali altri mezzi per agire potrebbero essere messi a punto per proteggere la Moldavia da un'invasione russa? Consapevoli del fatto che la popolazione russofona nei Paesi Baltici rappresenta talvolta circa un terzo della popolazione nazionale, come potrebbe l'Unione europea prepararsi a situazioni analoghe a quelle dell'Ucraina o della Transnistria? Chisinau continua a discutere con Mosca sulle questioni inerenti alla migrazione. The strip of Russian-speaking territory making up Transnistria, which is economically dependent on Russia, seceded from Moldova in In a referendum held in , a majority of the inhabitants of the region, which the international community does not recognise as an independent State, voted in favour of rejoining Russia.

    Moscow already has several thousand soldiers stationed in the territory. Transnistrian leaders called on the Russian parliament in March to draft a law enabling Russia to absorb the region. For its part, Moscow complained that Moldova and Ukraine were blocking the Transnistrian border. The European Union, at all levels, has maintained otherwise close advisory contact with the Moldovan authorities to ensure that all aspects stemming from the Agreement are correctly explained, including to all those potentially concerned, and has provided concrete help to dispel the myths of anti-EU propaganda.

    Chisinau keeps also discussing migration issues with Moscow. Finally, the European External Action Service has reached agreement with the Moldovan authorities on an in-depth reform of the country's security system. High-level advisers have been dispatched to the Moldovan security institutions, including the Ministry of Defence.

    While the position of the Baltic States cannot be compared with the situation in Ukraine or as regards Transnistria, the Commission and the HR are in constant dialogue with Member States over the impact and possible ramifications of recent developments in Ukraine. La settimana scorsa la Russia ha proposto la federalizzazione dell'Ucraina al fine di risolvere la crisi nel paese. Secondo Mosca, tale soluzione consentirebbe di placare le tensioni che regnano nelle regioni meridionali e orientali, molto vicine alla Russia tanto culturalmente quanto economicamente.

    Secondo l'esperto Vadym Karassiov, la federalizzazione rappresenterebbe una forma mascherata di divisione del paese che, data la geografia dell'Ucraina, porterebbe a una situazione in cui le regioni dell'ovest si troverebbero sotto la tutela occidentale, mentre quelle dell'est sotto la tutela russa.

    Come considera l'Alto Rappresentante la proposta della Russia e la reazione dell'Ucraina in merito alla federalizzazione del paese? Si tratta di una soluzione da considerare o, al contrario, da impedire? Last week, Russia proposed a solution to federalise Ukraine in order to bring an end to the crisis in the country. Moscow says that this would help to ease the tensions that have dominated the regions in the south and the east that are closely linked to Russia culturally and economically.

    Indeed, Ukrainian authorities are fearful of a new invasion and a repetition of the scenes three weeks ago that led to the loss of Crimea. Would this solution be worth contemplating or, conversely, should it be ruled out? The EU has encouraged Ukraine to continue to move ahead with its planned political reforms, including notably the constitutional reform, and it has welcomed the will of the Ukrainian government to implement its commitments to ensure the representative nature and inclusiveness of governmental structures, reflecting regional diversity.

    We fully support these efforts and the ownership of Ukrainian government in this process. Does the Commission suspect the two laboratories of having colluded in order to promote one of their medicines? If so, which one? Could the Commission provide additional explanations on the investigative work and each party's responsibilities? The French National Competition Authority NCA conducted inspections on the premises of the Roche and Novartis undertakings in the framework of an investigation of alleged anticompetitive practices in the sector of medicines to treat eye conditions, specifically wet age-related macular degeneration AMD.

    Both are anti-vascular endothelial growth factor anti-VEGF medicines, but Avastin is only indicated for cancer treatment, and Lucentis is only indicated for AMD treatment. Notwithstanding, Avastin is sometimes also used to treat AMD so-called off-label use. The findings of that decision, and the practices in question, are, factually and legally, closely related to the Italian regulatory framework, which, under specific conditions, authorises the off-label use of certain pharmaceuticals.

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    Hence, the conclusions on the practices in Italy are not in themselves an indication of the existence, or not, of similar behaviour in other Member States. The Commission is aware that this situation has raised concerns in several Member States. It remains in close contact with NCAs and is gathering more information. It cannot comment at this time on the precise content of any of its investigative activities. In addition, the issue raises some regulatory questions, such as the absence, at EU level, of a marketing authorisation for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration with Avastin.

    On Tuesday, the European Commission stressed that the European Union must strengthen its capacities for storing gas and exploiting other sources of energy production in order to safeguard the security of its supplies. There is a real risk of disruption to supplies transiting through Russia, as happened in In a press release, the Commission stressed that the role of storage and alternative sources of national production must be examined carefully for this reason.

    In addition, Russia wishes to make future sales to Ukraine dependent on the settlement of a debt of 1. This includes various proposals related to the flow and storage of gas, as well as diversification of sources of supply. Moreover, the Commission is actively mediating between Ukraine and Russia in order to find an agreement on gas deliveries, including on the issue of outstanding payments from Naftogaz to Gazprom, and on the price for future deliveries. Esclusione dei meridionali in un annuncio di lavoro. La libera circolazione delle persone fu inizialmente concepita dai trattati istitutivi come libera circolazione degli operatori economici al fine di prestare lavoro subordinato nell'UE.

    La libera circolazione delle persone implica anche il divieto di restrizioni articolo 49 del Trattato. Spetta ai tribunali nazionali competenti verificare e stabilire tutti i fatti pertinenti e far rispettare la legge vigente. Later came the Schengen Agreements and the Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the concept of European citizenship. Thus the term assumed its current meaning, which includes the right of European citizens to circulate and reside freely in Europe. The free movement of persons entails elimination of all nationality-based discrimination between workers of the Member States, with regard to employment and pay.

    A recent job advertisement did not respect this right. Instead, it excluded from job interviews anyone coming from southern Italy, and foreigners. Does the Commission think it worth verifying the occurrence, imposing penalties and ensuring that such situations do not recur in future? It is for the competent national courts to verify and establish all pertinent facts and enforce applicable law. Many alcoholic beverages contain levels of acetaldehyde that exceed by a factor of more than the limit which applies to cosmetics.

    The EU regulates the use of carcinogenic substances as part, inter alia , of legislation on product safety and food products. In the light of research which stresses the carcinogenic nature of acetaldehyde, does the Commission intend to set a limit for acetaldehyde in food or alcoholic beverages? Acetaldehyde is found in alcoholic beverages as a metabolite of ethanol. It is also present in dairy products such as yoghurt. The discovery of acetaldehyde in foodstuffs is not due to recent changes in processes, as acetaldehyde is a well-known natural flavouring agent in such fermented food products.

    Also many fruits like apples and vegetables like tomatoes contain measurable levels of acetaldehyde. Even if present in many foods, the bioavailability of acetaldehyde is unknown and may or may not be different to the acetaldehyde formed as the main metabolite of alcohol. The Commission will raise the issue with the competent authorities of the Member States and, if appropriate, the European Food Safety Authority EFSA will be requested to assess the risk for human health related to the presence of acetaldehyde in food as process contaminant or as a natural flavour. Taking into account the outcome of the risk assessment, the appropriateness of setting maximum levels for acetaldehyde in food and alcoholic beverages will be considered.


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    • Consequently, alcoholic beverages and food products which contain levels of acetaldehyde harmful to consumers shall not be placed on the market or, when already placed on the market, shall be withdrawn from the market. In its Green Paper on unfair trading practices in the business-to-business food and non-food supply chain in Europe and in the public consultation which it held, the Commission stated that many dishonest practices occur in the food supply chain.

      As the Green Paper indicates, an unbalanced situation in which fair trading practices are not adhered to may in practice force agricultural producers, for example, into a precarious position. Agricultural producers often have limited opportunities to choose who to sell their products to, and, because of the characteristics of many of their products, they do not have the option of storing them for any length of time in order to obtain better terms of sale. The Commission has promised to propose measures to remedy the situation, but so far no such proposals have been forthcoming.

      The term of office of the current Commission is approaching its end. Will Commissioner Barnier keep his promises? Why has this matter dragged on for so long? What measures will the Commission propose in order to put an end to unfair trading practices? The assessment of the occurrence and possible effects of unfair trading practices and the most appropriate way to address them is now in its final stage.

      Based on the responses to the Green Paper and other evidence, the analysis is limited to the food supply chain, where unfair trading practices seem to be particularly prominent. At the same time, the Commission is monitoring the development of the Supply Chain Initiative, a voluntary framework created by stakeholder groups of the food processing and food trade sectors to address unfair trading practices in the supply chain. The Commission has encouraged food supply chain business partners to implement the framework without delay. In addition, a legal study was prepared for the Commission covering national legislative responses to unfair trading practices.

      The Commission is reflecting on whether further measures may be necessary in this field. In any event, any possible measures would aim at complementing and reinforcing voluntary measures already taken by certain stakeholder groups in the food supply chain. Le forze di sicurezza non sono state ancora in grado di far luce sull'origine dell'attentato e non si hanno notizie certe sulle vittime e i feriti. The explosion of a bomb in an Islamabad market has killed at least 23 people and injured dozens of others. It was initially thought to be Al-Qaeda inspired, but the main armed groups have distanced themselves from the attack and have even voiced their solidarity with the victims, strongly condemning the massacre.

      The security forces are as yet unable to cast any light on the source of the attack, and there is no definite news concerning the dead and injured. Can the Commission clarify whether there are any European citizens among the victims? Aiuti umanitari per la ricostruzione delle Isole Salomone. Forti inondazioni hanno colpito le Isole Salomone, nell'oceano Pacifico, in seguito a diversi giorni di piogge torrenziali che hanno provocato lo straripamento di vari fiumi.

      Ha ricevuto la Commissione richieste d'aiuto dirette dal governo delle Isole Salomone?

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      The Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean have been hit by severe flooding following several days of torrential rain that caused a number of rivers to burst their banks. The capital, Honiara, has been declared a disaster zone, as has the whole of the biggest island of Guadalcanal. The situation calls for extensive international aid with reconstruction, and the Chair of the National Disaster Council has recently launched an appeal to the international community. Has the Commission received direct requests for aid from the Government of the Solomon Islands? Support in this area is highly relevant to increase the country's resilience to weather related disasters.

      There is a likelihood that these will increase following the negative impact of Climate change. Nel contesto di questa campagna ha firmato due decreti tramite i quali intende vietare ai datori di lavoro pubblici o privati, che hanno commesse governative, di punire i dipendenti che parlano fra di loro delle rispettive retribuzioni e intende avviare degli studi nel governo federale sulle differenze di trattamento economico tra uomini e donne, per eliminarle.

      Si tratta di un'iniziativa lodevole, che tocca un tema ampiamente discusso anche nell'UE, a livello sia nazionale che unionale: Queste disposizioni devono essere recepite nell'ordinamento giuridico di tutti gli Stati membri. His action is prompted by persistent discrimination, in the form of the generally lower remuneration received by women, either on grounds of their gender or because they hold lower, and therefore worse paid, positions. As part of the campaign, the President has signed two executive orders prohibiting federal contractors, in the public or private sectors, from retaliating against employees who discuss their salaries.

      He intends to launch studies by the federal administration on the differences in remuneration between men and women, with a view to eliminating these. This praiseworthy initiative raises a subject also widely discussed at EU level and in the Member States. Parliament has made several statements on gender discrimination in pay, consolidating its position, which is that the gap between the sexes should be closed.

      What are the main sources of primary and secondary European legislation dealing with pay inequality? This principle also applies to job classification systems used for determining pay. These provisions have to be transposed into national legal systems of all Member States. Aumento dell'insicurezza in vista delle elezioni amministrative in Iraq. Una serie di attacchi terroristici ha spezzato altre diciannove vite in Iraq.

      Dispone la Commissione di ulteriori dettagli in merito agli attentati e alla presenza eventuale di cittadini europei tra le vittime e i feriti? La Commissione ha studiato e intende porre in essere misure di sostegno alle forze di sicurezza irachene per garantire il corretto e sicuro svolgimento delle elezioni e delle operazioni di spoglio? L'UE non ha ricevuto informazioni in merito alla presenza di cittadini europei tra le vittime o i feriti degli attentati recenti a Baghdad o nel resto del paese.

      L'UE ha sostenuto il processo elettorale organizzando una missione di esperti elettorali e finanziando l'osservazione locale delle elezioni. Does the Commission have any further information about the attacks and whether any European citizens are among the dead and injured? The EU has not received any information on European citizens involved in recent attacks in Baghdad or in the rest of Iraq.

      The EU has supported the election process through the organisation of an Election Expert Mission and funding to domestic observation. Responsibility for the security situation and for the whole electoral operations lies with the Iraqi authorities. Donna indiana morta carbonizzata come punizione inferta dal proprio marito.

      Un'associazione che si occupa di promozione e difesa dei diritti delle donne ha posto in rilievo un caso gravissimo avvenuto pochi giorni fa nel distretto di Johrat, nell'Assam, Stato federato del nord dell'India. Durante il tour di promozione di un famoso esponente politico indiano, quest'ultimo sarebbe stato baciato sulla guancia da una sua sostenitrice.

      Intende esprimersi in merito, in difesa dei diritti delle donne che vengono sistematicamente violati nel grande paese asiatico? L'approccio dell'UE si basa su tre principi: The woman did not survive her injuries. Can the Commission answer the following questions in respect of this shocking event:.

      EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition) EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition)
      EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition) EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition)
      EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition) EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition)
      EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition) EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition)
      EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition) EuroGendFor: difesa informale? (Italian Edition)
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